We previously demonstrated a role for the myristoylated alanine-rich C kinase substrate (MARCKS) to serve as an adaptor protein in the anionic phospholipid phosphate-dependent regulation of the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC). Both MARCKS and ENaC are regulated by proteolysis. Calpains are a family of ubiquitously expressed intracellular Ca2+-dependent cysteine proteases involved in signal transduction. Here we examine the role of calpain-2 in regulating MARCKS and ENaC in cultured renal epithelial cells and in the mouse kidney. Using recombinant fusion proteins we show MARCKS, but not the ENaC subunits are a substrate of calpain-2 in the presence of Ca2+. Pharmacological inhibition of calpain-2 alters MARCKS protein expression in light density sucrose gradient fractions from cell lysates of mouse cortical collecting duct cells. Calpain-dependent cleaved products of MARCKS are detectable in cultured renal cells. Ca2+ mobilization and calpain-2 inhibition decreases the association between ENaC and MARCKS. The inhibition of calpain-2 reduces ENaC activity as demonstrated by single-channel patch clamp recordings and transepithelial current measurements. These results suggest calpain-2 proteolysis of MARCKS promotes its interaction with lipids and ENaC at the plasma membrane to allow for the PIP2-dependent regulation of ENaC activity in the kidney.
- epithelial sodium channel
- Copyright © 2017, American Journal of Physiology-Cell Physiology