c-Jun is an AP-1 transcription factor and implicated in many aspects of cellular functions, but its exact role in the regulation of early intestinal epithelial restitution after injury remains largely unknown. Phospholipase C-γ1 (PLCγ1) catalyzes hydrolysis of phosphatidylinositol 4,5 biphosphate into the second messenger diacylglycerol and inositol 1,4,5 triphosphate, and coordinates Ca2+ stores mobilization, and regulates cell migration and proliferation in response to stress. Here we reported that c-Jun up-regulates PLCγ1 expression and enhances PLCγ1-induced Ca2+ signaling, thus promoting intestinal epithelial restitution after wounding. Ectopically expressed c-Jun increased PLCγ1 expression at the transcription level and this stimulation is mediated by directly interacting with AP-1- and C/EBP-binding sites that are located at proximal region of the PLCγ1 promoter. Increased levels of PLCγ1 by c-Jun elevated cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration and stimulated intestinal epithelial cell migration over the denuded area after wounding. The c-Jun-mediated PLCγ1/Ca2+ signal also plays an important role in polyamine-induced cell migration after wounding, since increased c-Jun rescued Ca2+ influx and cell migration in polyamine-deficient cells. These findings indicate that c-Jun induces PLCγ1 expression transcriptionally and enhances rapid epithelial restitution after injury by activating Ca2+ signal.
- intestinal epithelial cells
- Ca2+ influx
- epithelial restitution
- AP-1 gene transcription
- Copyright © 2017, American Journal of Physiology-Cell Physiology