Adipose tissue plays a critical role in metabolic diseases and the maintenance of energy homeostasis. RACK1 has been identified as an adaptor protein involved in multiple intracellular signal transduction pathways and diseases. However, whether it regulates adipogenesis remains unknown. Here, we reported that RACK1 is expressed in 3T3-L1 cells and murine white adipose tissue, and RACK1 knockdown by shRNA profoundly suppressed adipogenesis by reducing the expression of PPARγ and C/EBPβ. Depletion of RACK1 increased β-Catenin protein levels and activated Wnt signaling. Furthermore, RACK1 knockdown also suppressed the PI3K-Akt-mTOR-S6K signaling pathway by reducing the PI3K p85α, pAkt T473 and S6K p70. Taken together, these results demonstrated that RACK1 is a novel factor required for adipocyte differentiation by emerging Wnt/β-Catenin signaling and PI3K-Akt-mTOR-S6K signaling pathway(s).
- Copyright © 2016, American Journal of Physiology-Cell Physiology