Tumor necrosis factor-α suppresses angiotensinogen expression through formation of a p50/p50 homodimer in human renal proximal tubular cells

Ryousuke Satou, Kayoko Miyata, Akemi Katsurada, L. Gabriel Navar, Hiroyuki Kobori


Angiotensinogen (AGT) expression in renal proximal tubular cells (RPTCs) and intrarenal tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) levels are increased in hypertension and renal diseases However, the contribution of TNF-α to AGT expression in RPTCs has not been established. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to determine influence of TNF-α on AGT expression in RPTCs. Human kidney-2 (HK-2) cells, immortalized human RPTCs, were treated with several concentrations of TNF-α up to 24 h. AGT mRNA and protein expression were evaluated by RT-PCR and ELISA, respectively. Activation of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) by TNF-α was evaluated by Western blot analysis, immunocytochemistry, and electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA). TNF-α suppressed AGT mRNA expression in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Maximum AGT mRNA reduction was caused by 40 ng/ml of TNF-α (0.52 ± 0.09, ratio to control, at 24 h) and at 24 h (0.66 ± 0.05, ratio to control, by 10 ng/ml TNF-α). TNF-α reduced AGT protein accumulation in the medium between 8 and 24 h (0.62 ± 0.13 by 40 ng/ml TNF-α, ratio to control). TNF-α activated and induced translocalization of p50 and p65, which are NF-κB subunits. Elevated formation of p50/p65 and p50/p50 dimers by TNF-α were observed by EMSA and supershift assay. Gene silencing of p50, but not p65, attenuated the effect of TNF-α on reduction of AGT expression in RPTCs. These results indicate that TNF-α suppresses AGT expression through p50/p50 homodimer formation in human RPTCs, suggesting a possible counteracting mechanism that limits excessive intrarenal AGT production.

  • nuclear factor-κB
  • human kidney-2
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