Cell Physiology

Caveolin-1 scaffold domain interacts with TRPC1 and IP3R3 to regulate Ca2+ store release-induced Ca2+ entry in endothelial cells

Premanand C. Sundivakkam, Angela M. Kwiatek, Tiffany T. Sharma, Richard D. Minshall, Asrar B. Malik, Chinnaswamy Tiruppathi


Caveolin-1 (Cav-1) regulates agonist-induced Ca2+ entry in endothelial cells; however, how Cav-1 regulates this process is poorly understood. Here, we describe that Cav-1 scaffold domain (NH2-terminal residues 82–101; CSD) interacts with transient receptor potential canonical channel 1 (TRPC1) and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor 3 (IP3R3) to regulate Ca2+ entry. We have shown previously that the TRPC1 COOH-terminal residues 781-789 bind to CSD. In the present study, we show that the TRPC1 COOH-terminal residues 781-789 truncated (TRPC1-CΔ781-789) mutant expression abolished Ca2+ store release-induced Ca2+ influx in human dermal microvascular endothelial cell line (HMEC) and human embryonic kidney (HEK-293) cells. To understand the basis of loss of Ca2+ influx, we determined TRPC1 binding to IP3R3. We observed that the wild-type (WT)-TRPC1 but not TRPC1-CΔ781-789 effectively interacted with IP3R3. Similarly, WT-TRPC1 interacted with Cav-1, whereas TRPC1-CΔ781-789 binding to Cav-1 was markedly suppressed. We also assessed the direct binding of Cav-1 with TRPC1 and observed that the WT-Cav-1 but not the Cav-1ΔCSD effectively interacted with TRPC1. Since the interaction between TRPC1 and Cav-1ΔCSD was reduced, we measured Ca2+ store release-induced Ca2+ influx in Cav-1ΔCSD-transfected cells. Surprisingly, Cav-1ΔCSD expression showed a gain-of-function in Ca2+ entry in HMEC and HEK-293 cells. We observed a similar gain-of-function in Ca2+ entry when Cav-1ΔCSD was expressed in lung endothelial cells of Cav-1 knockout mice. Immunoprecipitation results revealed that WT-Cav-1 but not Cav-1ΔCSD interacted with IP3R3. Furthermore, we observed using confocal imaging the colocalization of IP3R3 with WT-Cav-1 but not with Cav-1ΔCSD on Ca2+ store release in endothelial cells. These findings suggest that CSD interacts with TRPC1 and IP3R3 and thereby regulates Ca2+ store release-induced Ca2+ entry in endothelial cells.

  • transient receptor potential channel 1
  • inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor
  • caveolin-1 knockout mice


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