Angiomatous lesions are common in infants and children. Hemangioendotheliomas (HE) represent one type of these lesions. Endothelial cell proliferation and the development of vascular/blood cell-filled spaces are inherent in the growth of HE. Therefore, understanding mechanisms that regulate the proliferation of these lesions should provide key insight into mechanisms regulating angiogenesis. A murine model was used to test the significance of monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 in HE proliferation. EOMA cells, a cell line derived from a spontaneously arising murine HE, generate these lesions with 100% efficiency when injected subcutaneously into syngeneic mice. MCP-1 produced by EOMA cells recruit macrophages, which were shown to induce angiogenic behavior in EOMA cells by stimulating transwell migration and inducing sprout formation on type I collagen gels. When EOMA cells were injected into MCP-1−/− mice, only 50% of the mice developed tumors, presumably because the low levels of MCP-1 expressed by the injected EOMA cells were enough to overcome any host deficits of this chemokine. When EOMA cells were coinjected with a neutralizing antibody to MCP-1, tumors failed to develop in any of the treated mice, including syngeneic 129P3, C57Bl/6 (wild type), and MCP-1−/−. These results present the first evidence that MCP-1 is required for HE proliferation and may promote the growth of these lesions by stimulating angiogenic behavior of endothelial cells. This study has produced the first in vivo evidence of a complete response for any neoplasm, specifically a vascular proliferative lesion, to anti-MCP-1 therapy in animals with intact immune systems.
- Copyright © 2004 the American Physiological Society