Phenylephrine, a potent stimulator of cardiomyocyte glucose transport (GT), caused a rapid rise in cytosolic Ca2+ by 30%. Agents inducing a similar Ca2+ response did not stimulate (angiotension II, vasopressin) or inhibited GT by 20% (elevated extracellular Ca2+). Stimulation of GT by phorbol myristate acetate was additive to both phases of phenylephrine's effect (4 min, 60 min). Phenylephrine had no influence on the adenosine 3', 5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) and guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP) levels. Agents raising cAMP (isoproterenol) or cGMP (e.g., nitroprusside) did not stimulate GT. Wortmannin (inhibitor of 1-phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase) suppressed the action of insulin on GT but not that of phenylephrine. In contrast, the Na+/H+ exchange inhibitor amiloride (which blocks phenylephrine-induced cytosolic alkalinization or even lowers cellular pH) depressed the effect of phenylephrine by 50%, whereas insulin-stimulated GT was little affected. However, raising extracellular pH up to 8.4 failed to increase GT. Lowering pH to 6.8 decreased phenylephrine's effect by 40% whereas insulin-dependent GT was not significantly altered. Clorgyline, tranylcypromine (monoamine oxidase inhibitors), and added catalase suppressed the slow phase of phenylephrine's action, whereas amiloride also affected the fast phase. We conclude that 1) stimulation of cardiomyocyte GT by phenylephrine does not involve cAMP, cGMP, or 1-phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase; 2) protein kinase C activation cannot explain the full extent of stimulation; 3) Ca2+ release or cytosolic alkalinization may be required but is not sufficient to trigger phenylephrine's action, and 4) the slow phase of stimulation is mediated by the monoamine oxidase-dependent degradation of phenylephrine and by the resulting H2O2 formation.
- Copyright © 1996 the American Physiological Society