We used the microphysiometer, a sensitive extracellular pH sensor, to resolve luminal (or apical) H+ secretion and basolateral release of OH- as well as liberation of acidic metabolites in rabbit gastric glands. Stimulation of glands via the adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate pathway produced a biphasic change in the extracellular acidification rate (EAR): after an initial transient decrease below the unstimulated baseline (-40.9 +/- 3.4%), the EAR increased to a steady-state maximal plateau (+98.1 +/- 5.3%) within 30 min (n = 37). We interpret the biphasic EAR profile as an initial excess of basolaterally released OH- followed by delayed luminal efflux of simultaneously produced H+. The elevated EAR at steady state reflected liberation of metabolic acid attributed to H(+)-K(+)-ATPase enzymatic activity. The presence of H2-4,4'-diisothiocyanostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid prevented OH- release and reduced steady-state EAR. Basolateral OH- release and steady-state EAR were also inhibited by the H(+)-K(+)-ATPase inactivators omeprazole and SCH-28080. Inhibition of Na+/H+ exchange did not reduce steady-state EAR and did not affect apical H+ production, as judged by the accumulation of the weak base aminopyrine. Sodium thiocyanate (1 mM), which short circuits intraluminal H+ accumulation, blocked OH- release, demonstrating its dependence on H(+)-OH- separation at the apical membrane. A computerized model was developed to illustrate how the observed biphasic EAR profile would result from a delayed luminal efflux of H+ due to transitory intraluminal compartmentalization.
- Copyright © 1994 the American Physiological Society