BALB/c 3T3 cells do not normally express receptors for bombesin-like peptides [bombesin (Bn), gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP), and neuromedin B (NmB)]. Transfection of BALB/c 3T3 cells with complementary DNA-encoding GRP receptors or NmB receptors leads to stable expression of functional GRP receptors (GRP Rt) or NmB receptors (NmB Rt), respectively, which are coupled to cell membrane ion channels. Whole cell current analysis using patch electrodes shows that the activation of these newly expressed receptors induces cation conductance increases, most frequently a Ca(2+)-activated plasma membrane K+ conductance. The dose-response (peak-current) relations of both transfected receptor subtypes were sigmoidal and exhibited threshold activation concentration in the picomole range and the saturation of responses to higher concentrations than 10(-8) M. The GRP Rt responded about equally to GRP, NmB, and Bn when compared at equimolar levels, despite their known difference in binding affinity for the three peptides (GRP, Bn > NmB). In contrast, for the NmB Rt, the NmB was more potent than GRP or Bn. Among four GRP/Bn-receptor antagonists tested, the [D-Phe6]Bn(6-13) ethyl ester suppressed GRP Rt responses at low concentrations (10(-7) M). N-acetyl-GRP-(20-26) amide, [Leu13-psi(CH2NH)-Leu14]Bn, and [D-Arg1,D-Phe5,D-Trp7,9,Leu11]substance P also blocked GRP Rt responses but at higher concentrations (10(-5) M). However, at these concentrations, these four antagonists had little effect on NmB Rt responses, thereby showing a specificity of these antagonists for the GRP receptors.
- Copyright © 1993 the American Physiological Society