We investigated the effects of culture medium conditioned with endothelial cells exposed to hemodynamic shear forces on modulation of mesangial cell (MC) growth. Confluent monolayers of bovine aortic endothelial cells, grown in medium containing 10% fetal calf serum, were exposed to static or to laminar flow conditions for 24 h using a cone-and-plate device. Endothelial cell-conditioned medium was used to study the growth of bovine MC by [3H]thymidine uptake. The proliferative response of MC to fresh medium (containing 10% fetal calf serum) and to culture medium from endothelial cells under static flow [66.7 +/- 34.1 vs. 73.9 +/- 30.0 counts/min (cpm) x 10(-3)] was comparable. In contrast, medium conditioned with endothelial cells exposed to laminar shear stress of 8 dyn/cm2 almost completely abolished MC proliferation (5.8 +/- 6.9 cpm x 10(-3), P < 0.01). To establish whether this effect is due to endothelial cell production of a substance that inhibits MC proliferation or simply to metabolization of serum growth factors in the culture medium, we performed shear stress experiments using serum free medium and we added 10% fetal calf serum after shear exposure just before the proliferation assay. In this condition a significant antiproliferative effect of endothelial cell supernatant under laminar flow was obtained (27.7 +/- 23.4 vs. 68.8 +/- 45.8 cpm x 10(-3), laminar vs. static, P < 0.05), suggesting that endothelial cells under shear stress effectively produce a factor that inhibits MC proliferation. These results would suggest that local glomerular capillary blood flow could play a role in the regulation of MC mitogenesis.
- Copyright © 1993 the American Physiological Society