Cell Physiology

InsP3 and Ins(1,3,4,5)P4 act in synergy to stimulate influx of extracellular Ca2+ in Xenopus oocytes

S. DeLisle, D. Pittet, B. V. Potter, P. D. Lew, M. J. Welsh


To investigate the role of D-myo-inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate [Ins(1,3,4,5)P4] in the regulation of Ca2+ influx, we injected inositol phosphates into Xenopus oocytes and measured Ca(2+)-gated Cl- current to assay intracellular free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i). To assess Ca2+ influx, we removed extracellular Ca2+ or added the inorganic Ca2+ channel blocker Mn2+ to the extracellular bath and measured the resulting change in Cl- current. Ins(1,3,4,5)P4 did not cause Ca2+ influx when injected alone or when preceded by an injection of Ca2+. In contrast, Ins(1,3,4,5)P4 stimulated Ca2+ influx when injected after the poorly metabolized inositol trisphosphate (InsP3) analogues D-myo-inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphorothioate [Ins(1,4,5)P3S3] or D-myo-inositol 2,4,5-trisphosphate [Ins(2,4,5)P3]. These results indicate that Ins(1,3,4,5)P4 is not sufficient to stimulate Ca2+ influx but acts in synergy with InsP3s to cause Ca2+ influx. We also studied the effect of Ca2+ influx on the immediate metabolism of D-myo-inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate [Ins(1,4,5)P3] in single oocytes. Ca2+ influx shunted the metabolism of Ins(1,4,5)P3 toward the formation of Ins(1,3,4,5)P4 and away from D-myo-inositol 1,4-bisphosphate [Ins(1,4)P2]. These results suggest that there is a positive feedback regulatory mechanism in which Ca2+ influx stimulates Ins(1,3,4,5)P4 production and Ins(1,3,4,5)P4 stimulates further Ca2+ influx.